The activities of our group are in the broad area of heat and mass transfer, thermodynamics, and fluid dynamics. Our focus is on technologies for desalination of seawater and brackish water, remediation of various waste waters, and recycling of water, with increased energy efficiency and reduced environmental impact as core objectives. This work includes thermodynamic cycle analysis, transport processes in components, solar-energy driven systems, and both thermal and membrane separations.
Past activities in our lab have included thermal management of electronics, high heat flux engineering, thermal stress and deformation, thermal manufacturing processes, liquid jet impingement cooling, instrumentation, thermally stratified turbulent flow, and thermally driven instabilities.
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Recent Journal Papers (last 10)
J.H. Lienhard V, “Humidification-dehumidification desalination,” in Desalination: Water from Water, 2nd edition, Chpt.9. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Scrivener, 2019. ISBN 978-1-119-40774-4.
J. Swaminathan, E.W. Tow, R.L. Stover, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Practical aspects of design of batch reverse osmosis for energy efficient seawater desalination,”
Desalination, online 21 August 2019, 470:114097, 15 November 2019. ( doi link) ( free reprints)
Y. Okamoto and J.H. Lienhard V, “How RO membrane permeability and other performance factors affect process cost and energy use: A review,”
Desalination, online 21 August 2019, 470:114064, 15 November 2019. ( doi link) ( free reprints)
T. Altmann, J. Robert, A.T. Bouma, J. Swaminathan, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Primary Energy and Exergy of Desalination Technologies,”
Applied Energy, online 17 June 2019, 252:113319, 15 October 2019. ( doi link) (preprint)
A. Kumar, H. Fukuda, T.A. Hatton, J.H. Lienhard V, “Lithium Recovery from Oil and Gas Produced Water: A Need for Growing Energy Industry,”
ACS Energy Letters, 4:1471-1474, 5 June 2019. ( doi link)
J.H. Lienhard V, “Energy savings in desalination technologies: reducing entropy generation by transport processes,”
J. Heat Transfer, online 17 May 17 2019, 141(7):072001, July 2019. ( doi link) (preprint)
J.H. Lienhard V, “Exterior shape factors from interior shape factors,”
J. Heat Transfer, online 20 Feb. 2019, 141(6):061301, June 2019. ( OPEN ACCESS) (preprint)
K.M. Chehayeb and J.H. Lienhard V, “On the electrical operation of batch electrodialysis for reduced energy consumption,”
Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, online 15 Apr 2019, 5(6):1172-1182, 2019. ( OPEN ACCESS) (preprint)
A. Kumar, K.R. Phillips, J. Cai, U. Schröder, J.H. Lienhard V, “Integrated valorization of desalination brine via NaOH production: opportunities and challenges,”
Angewandte Chemie Intl. Ed., online 21 Feb. 2019, 58(20):6502–6511, 13 May 2019. (doi link) (preprint)
K.G. Nayar, J. Fernandes, R.K. McGovern, B.S. Al-Anzi, J.H. Lienhard V, “Cost and energy needs of RO-ED crystallizer systems for zero brine discharge seawater desalination,”
Desalination, online 8 February 2019, 457:115-132, 1 May 2019. ( doi link) (preprint)
J.H. Lienhard V, “Linearization of Non-gray Radiation Exchange: The Internal Fractional Function Reconsidered,” J. Heat Transfer, online 3 Dec. 2018, 141(5):052701, May 2019. ( OPEN ACCESS)
J.H. Lienhard V, “Energy efficiency, primary energy, and apples vs. oranges,”
IDA Global Connections, Winter 2019 issue, pp. 31–33. International Desalination Association, Dec. 2018. (PDF)
J.H. Lienhard V, K.H. Mistry, M.H. Sharqawy, and G.P. Thiel, “Thermodynamics, Exergy,
and Energy Efficiency in Desalination Systems,” in Desalination Sustainability: A Technical, Socioeconomic, and Environmental Approach, Chpt. 4, H.A. Arafat, ed. Elsevier Publishing Co., 23 June 2017. ( URL) ( preprint)
J.H. Lienhard V, G.P. Thiel, D.E.M. Warsinger, L.D. Banchik (eds.),
Low Carbon Desalination: Status and Research, Development, and Demonstration Needs, Report of a workshop conducted at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in association with the Global Clean Water Desalination Alliance, MIT Abdul Latif Jameel World Water and Food Security Lab, Cambridge, Massachusetts, November 2016. (pdf) ( About)
L.R. Glicksman and J.H. Lienhard V.
Modeling and Approximation in Heat Transfer. Cambridge University Press, New York, 2016. ( URL) ( About)
C.H. Oh, J.H. Lienhard V, H.F. Younis, R.S. Dahbura, and D. Michels, “Liquid Jet-Array Cooling Modules for High Heat Fluxes,”
AIChE Journal, 44(4):769-779, 1998. (PDF file)
Heat flux of 1.7 kW/cm 2 by forced convection using liquid jet arrays.
S.K. Bhunia and J.H. Lienhard V, “Surface Disturbance Evolution and the Splattering of Turbulent Liquid Jets,”
J. Fluids Engineering, 116:(4):721-727, 1994. (pdf)
Discover the k spectrum! -19/3
X. Liu and J.H. Lienhard V, “Extremely High Heat Fluxes Beneath Impinging Liquid Jets,”
J. Heat Transfer, Vol.115, No.2, 1993, pp.472-476.
Heat flux of ~40 kW/cm 2 beneath a high speed impinging liquid jet.
And Ten More Popular Publications
D.E.M. Warsinger, J. Swaminathan, E. Guillen, H.A. Arafat, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Scaling and Fouling In Membrane Distillation for Desalination Applications: A Review,” Desalination, 356:294-313, 15 January 2015. ( doi link) (preprint)
R.K. McGovern and J.H. Lienhard V, “On the potential of forward osmosis to energetically outperform reverse osmosis desalination,”
J. Membrane Sci., 469:245-250, Nov. 2014. ( doi link) (preprint)
A.K. Plappally and J.H. Lienhard V, “Energy Requirements for Water Production, Treatment, End Use, Reclamation, and Discharge,”
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(7):4818-4848, Sept. 2012. ( doi link)
E.K. Summers, H.A. Arafat, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Energy efficiency comparison of single stage membrane distillation (MD) desalination cycles in different configurations,”
Desalination, 290:54-66, Feb. 2012. ( doi link)
K.H. Mistry, R.K. McGovern, G.P. Thiel, E.K. Summers, S.M. Zubair, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Entropy generation analysis of desalination technologies,”
Entropy, 13(10):1829-1864, Sept. 2011 ( pdf).
Received Best Paper Award
G.P. Narayan, M.H. Sharqawy, E.K. Summers, J.H. Lienhard V, S.M. Zubair, and M.A. Antar, “The potential of solar-driven humidification-dehumidification desalination for small-scale decentralized water production,”
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(4):1187-1201, May 2010. ( doi link) ( preprint)
M.H. Sharqawy, J.H. Lienhard V, and S.M. Zubair, “The thermophysical properties of seawater: A review of existing correlations and data,”
Desalination and Water Treatment, 16:354-380, April 2010. (pdf)
A.E. Bergles, J.H. Lienhard V, G.E. Kendall, and P. Griffith, “Boiling and Evaporation in Small Diameter Channels,”
Heat Transfer Engineering, 24(1):18-40, 2003. (pdf)
X. Liu, J.H. Lienhard V, and J.S. Lombara, “Convective Heat Transfer by Impingement of Circular Liquid Jets,”
J. Heat Transfer, 113(3):571-582, 1991. (pdf)
J.H. Lienhard V and C.W. Van Atta, “The decay of turbulence in thermally stratified flow,”
J. Fluid Mechanics, 210:57-112, Jan. 1990. (pdf)